Trauma Responses - Behaviour

When someone has suffered any kind of rape or abuse it can affect their behaviour.  There are very good reasons for a survivor to behave in certain ways.

There will always be some thoughts or feelings behind our behaviour:

  • Self-protection
  • Fear that the ‘secret’ might slip out
  • Thoughts that others may reject them
  • Fear of being questioned
  • A feeling that they cannot trust anybody
  • Trying to control anxiety or exposure to triggers
  • Trying to block out memories
  • Trying to ‘keep the box shut’ by distracting themselves
  • Fear of seeing the abuser somewhere
  • Fear of having an anxiety attack in front of others

In order to change your behaviours, you will need to believe it is important enough to make that change and have confidence in your ability to make the change.  Identifying the thoughts and feelings behind the behaviour will help us to understand and work on your reactions as a whole.  Some of these thoughts and feelings can help survivors to cope and to process what has happened safely.  Others may cause the survivor further distress or be harmful.

You could try writing down some of the behaviours that you find yourself doing.  Ask yourself what the reasons behind those behaviours are and try to think about how they are making you feel in the short and long-term.

When I push people away I feel more in control but more alone.

Pushing people away can be an instinctive way to protect yourself from further harm.  Isolation can often reflect how a survivor acted during or after rape or abuse.  The perpetrator might have forced you to keep it a secret by making threats or telling you its normal or that nobody will believe you.  It’s normal to be cautious to trust people again.  Finding other people to talk to can help you to think about your own thoughts and reactions.  Others can tell you when your thoughts are unhelpful or self-destructive and can help you to see that what happened wasn’t your fault.

How will I ever trust anyone again? I feel like my body isn’t my own.

A lot of people fear intimacy after rape or abuse.  Take your time, do things as you are ready.  What happened to you was not sex.  Sex is different because you are in control.  It’s important your partner understands and allows you to take it at your own pace.

I want to have control back over my body.  Sometimes, I don’t feel how I expected to afterwards.

Some people find that they want to have lots of sex, sometimes with lots of different people.  This can be a way to take back control of your body.  Sex is a healthy and natural activity but be aware if you are putting yourself at risk.  Make sure you are safe and think about how the sex makes you feel.

I am constantly on edge.

Feeling over-attentive and alert to every sound and movement is normal after trauma because your sense of risk can be intensified.  As you work through the feelings and thoughts behind this vigilance, it will become easier.  In the short-term, try to find a safe place where you can relax a little and try to go there when you need to

I don’t want to see him, or anyone else. I don’t have the energy to go out anyway.

Your home can be a therapeutic place where you may feel your safest.  In the short-term, it might enable you to get through the day.  Try to think about what you are compromising in the long-term.  Are there any other ways of achieving these things in small, manageable and safe ways?

It makes me calmer, helps me to be sociable.

These are normal coping mechanisms in any stressful situation.  In what situations are you drinking or smoking?  How do you feel before and afterwards?   Is it leading to any risky or challenging situations?

I keep snapping at people. It’s not their fault and I’m pushing them away.

Everybody is irritable sometimes.  Extreme irritability can come as a result of a lack of sleep, feelings of isolation or lack of control amongst other things.  At what times of the day are you irritable?  To whom?

As well as identifying the behaviours that are associated with recovery, and the thoughts and feelings behind them, creating new positive and therapeutic behaviours can be helpful.  Here are some ideas:

  • Call, write to, email or visit a friend or member of the family
  • Give a genuine compliment
  • Think about what your friends and family give or mean to you – and tell them
  • Join a group (singing, craft, wellbeing)
  • Do something nice for a stranger
  • Donate to a worthy charity
  • Create a mix CD, artwork or photo album for a friend
  • Print out an inspirational poem and post it in town
  • Donate blood


Volunteers are at the heart of what we do. We need volunteer counsellors, fundraisers, people with marketing skills as well as people who just want to help.


We always appreciate feedback, please contact us via: or call 01707 276539 if there is anything you like us to know.

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